2015/09/28

中國國家隊教練李曉東談桌球發球(LI Xiaodong Teaches Table Tennis Serve)

俗話說:「發球發得好,吃分吃到飽。」最近國際桌球總會(ITTF)公開了中國國家隊教練李曉東分享如何發球的講座,筆者整理了影片內容,歡迎大家一起讀下去吧! Serve plays an impor...

作者:PingPong.Bang

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  下面講一下發球的種類。有的人一想發球就害怕,發球的種類太多了、太難學了。正手也能發,反手也能發,左手也能發,右手也能發,下蹲也能發,就覺得特別難。其實我總結出來就三大類。一類側旋發球:包含左側旋、右側旋、左側上、右側上等。第二類就是轉不轉發球,第三類就是急長球。所以大家再怎麼變化都不出這三大類發球。

  Some players are afraid of serves. Serve involves millions of elements and they think that serves are way too difficult to learn. For example, one can serve with forehand, one can serve with backhand, one can make a squatting serve, etc. To sum up, there are three main serve groups. The first group is side-spin serve including left side-spin, right side-spin, left side-topspin, right side-topspin, etc. The second group is serve with disguised backspin. The third group is fast and deep serve. Any serve must belong to one of the three groups.

  現在可以跟大家介紹一下逆旋轉發球近年來還是取得非常好的效果,現在使用量愈來愈大,而且是比較先進的。我個人覺得這個發球我到底要發什麼球要跟我自己的習慣、打法相結合。如果說我的正手用得多、側身用得多,一般我在球台的左角、在側身位用正手發球,這樣的話比較好側身、比較好跑動。如果說我兩面上手的話,我發逆旋轉、發反手球的話,我兩面上手、我不用跑動太大,我非常容易、非常方便。

  Recently, pendulum serves are proved to be effective and more and more players adopt pendulum serve. Additionally, pendulum serve is an advanced skill. Personally, I suggest that your serve should cooperate with your style. If you use forehand strokes more frequently, you are suggested to make forehand serves at the backhand side of your court. In turn, you make forehand strokes more easily and move to the proper position more fluently. If you can make both forehand and backhand drive, you are suggested to make pendulum serves or backhand serves. In turn, you can make both forehand and backhand drive easily and you will not move too much. It’s quite easy and fluent.

  第三個問題談如何把球發轉,所以我們先發球的話、就先想辦法怎麼發轉,就先把力量發足。這裡有幾個要求跟大家說一下。

  Let’s take a look on how to make a heavy spin serve. About the serve, we must focus on how to impart heavy spins on the ball. To impart heavy spins on the ball, we must maximize strength from our whole body. Here are some tips as follows.

  第一個就是手指,尤其橫板發球、發側旋球,一定要握拍要調整,保證手指、手腕能夠發出力。

  The first tip is about using the strength of your fingers. Especially for shake-hand grip player. To make a qualified side-spin serve, they must adjust their grip to ensure that all strength of fingers and wrist imparts on the ball through the racket.

  第二個就是說發球一定要用身體、一定要用身體,就是說身體的話,我身體的話,發球以前我要適度緊張但是不要僵硬,就是叫「鬆而不晃,緊而不僵」,我身體一定要適度緊張,這是馬琳說的,他發球很好,這個肘以下的前臂、手指、手腕要放鬆,這是一個很大的先決條件。

  The second tip is about using the strength of your body. Before the serve, you need to keep your body both relaxed and tight but not frozen. Specifically, a famous Chinese table tennis player with marvelous serve, MA Lin, told me that before serve he keeps his core body tight slightly and keeps his lower part of forearm, wrist, fingers relaxed. This is an important prerequisite.

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